Calling all Educators! Mark your October calendars with these engaging teaching resources and timely topics that are full of fun animations and captivating captions. As always, follow us on Facebook, Twitter, Instagram and Pinterest for updates on daily Free Topics and other teaching inspiration. Have a great month teaching October 2019!
October 3 – Cherokee Leader John Ross’s Birthday (1790)
After gold was found in Cherokee Nation territory, the Georgia government gave the land to American settlers. Though his father was a Scot and his mother only part Cherokee, John Ross sided with the Cherokees in a battle to keep their homelands in the Southeast. And in 1832, Chief Justice John Marshall said Georgia was wrong.
October 11 – Eleanor Roosevelt’s birthday (1884)
Eleanor Roosevelt was the First Lady of the United States from 1933 to 1945. After World War II, she was one of the first Americans to work with the United Nations. In 1946, she became the leader of the U.N.’s Human Rights Commission. She helped write the document that defined the rights all people should have.
October 14 – Columbus Day and Indigenous Peoples’ Day
Columbus Day marks the anniversary of the day that Italian explorer Christopher Columbus landed in the Americas. Use the following resources as jumping-off points to introduce students to what life was like during this period.
In an effort to honor the original inhabitants of North America, some parts of the United States choose to celebrate Indigenous Peoples’ Day or Native Americans’ Day instead of Columbus Day. Looking for resources to give kids both perspectives? Complete your lessons with the following resources.
- Related Units: Native America, Northwest Coast Peoples, Plains Indians, America 1492
- Print Title Set: Native America Set
October 19 – Anniversary of the End of the American Revolution (1781)
On this day in 1781, the American Revolution was finally over when British General Cornwallis surrendered at Yorktown. Ill-clothed, poorly fed, barely trained, and often unpaid, the American soldiers had been up against the finest fighting force in Europe—and triumphed.
- Related Topic: After the Revolution
- Related Unit: American Revolution
- Print Title: American Revolution
October 22 – On This Day Edison Invented the First Electric Lamp (1879)
In his search for the right filament for an electric lamp, Thomas Edison used his standard method: trial and error. On October 22, 1879, Edison and his assistants took turns watching in teams as a bulb with the carbonized thread burned for about 13½ hours. The team had succeeded!
- Related Topic: How Edison Invented the Lightbulb
- Related Unit: Thomas Edison
- Print Title: Thomas Edison
October 27 – Theodore Roosevelt’s Birthday (1858)
Teddy Roosevelt was a man of contradictions: He glorified war, yet he was the first president to win the Nobel Peace Prize. He loved hunting, but he was also an avid conservationist who doubled the number of national parks.
October 28 – Statue of Liberty was Dedicated to the United State (1886)
On October 28, 1886, the The Statue of Liberty was dedicated at a formal ceremony. Hundreds of thousands of people watched from the shores of New York and New Jersey. Bartholdi climbed to the top of his statue. As New York Senator William Evarts was making a speech, the crowd cheered. Mistakenly, Bartholdi thought it was his cue to pull a cord, causing the French flag to drop and reveal the statue’s face. Onlookers cheered. Bands played. When the noise died down, Bartholdi exclaimed, “The dream of my life is accomplished.”